Beautiful destruction: 11 magnificent geological maps of volcanoes
Special thanks to the Geological Survey of Japan for permission to use some of their maps in this gallery.
Type: stratovolcano Last erupted: 2010 Summit elevation: 2,674 feet (815 m) Miyake-jima rises about 3,600 feet from the seabed about 110 miles southwest of Tokyo. The top of the volcano is an 8 km wide circular island that is home to around 3,000 people. It erupted as recently as last year, but its last major eruption streak occurred in June-July and September 2000 (see below). It was accompanied by thousands of earthquakes, including a magnitude 6.4 that killed one person, ash plumes 9 miles high, pyroclastic flows, ash falls, crater collapses and a evacuation order which lasted for five years and kept the island largely uninhabited until January 2011.
Geological map: Geological Survey of Japan. Image below: Miyake-jima in July 2000 (left) after large eruptions and vent steam in September 2000 (right) (ash appears dark gray, vegetation appears red, and water is blue-gray). Nasa.