CPC charts new steps on the path to common prosperity

BEIJING — For many, moss is nothing more than a humble little plant growing in discreet damp corners, but for villagers in the mountainous city of Maoyang, it was a cash cow that lifted them out. poverty and on the way to greater wealth.

The remote city is located in one of the least developed counties in eastern China’s Zhejiang Province, a major economic powerhouse and a pilot area for achieving common prosperity.

Building on its distinctive natural resources, the city has nurtured a burgeoning niche industry of raising moss and selling related products such as potted plants, which are increasingly in demand in China as that people’s lives improve. Last year, the moss trade generated more than 17 million yuan (about $2.4 million) for the villagers.

“To enrich the inhabitants, you must foster an industry. To grow, the industry must take advantage of local advantages,” said Lei Xiaohua, the city’s Party leader and delegate to the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China.

Lei now has even more confidence in the future of his city, as new steps have been taken in a report to Congress to make solid progress in promoting common prosperity for all people in the country.

NEW GUIDELINES

Chinese modernization is the modernization of common prosperity for all, according to the landmark report presented to the congress by Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee.

The report laid out a roadmap for building a modern socialist China in all respects over the next five years and beyond, outlining measures to properly boost and share the country’s development.

By pursuing high-quality development to strengthen the country’s material and technological foundation, China will accelerate the construction of a modernized economy, according to the report.

He noted that efforts will be made to promote integrated urban-rural development and coordinated regional development with the aim of “effectively upgrading and appropriately expanding economic output.”

To advance rural revitalization at all levels, the country will regularly encourage the revitalization of businesses, talents, culture, ecosystems and organizations in the countryside, according to the report.

Committed to improving people’s well-being and improving their quality of life, the CPC will improve the basic public service system to raise public service standards and make public services more balanced and accessible, the report said. .

China will also improve its income distribution system. The report says the country will guarantee “more pay for more work” and encourage people to “achieve prosperity through hard work”.

Efforts will be made to promote equal opportunities, increase the incomes of low-income people and expand the size of the middle-income group, the report adds.

DEVELOP AND SHARE THE PIE

An essential requirement of socialism and a key element of Chinese modernization, common prosperity refers to wealth shared by all. But what China wants is not egalitarianism.

“To use an analogy, we will first enlarge the pie and then divide it properly through reasonable institutional arrangements,” Xi said in a special address during the virtual session of the World Economic Forum 2022 in January.

“As a rising tide lifts all boats, everyone will receive a fair share of development, and development gains will benefit all of our people in a more substantial and equitable way,” Xi said.

“The Chinese idea of ​​common prosperity for all is unique, and it’s not about building castles in the air,” said Liu Shangxi, director of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences.

According to Liu said.

Promoting common prosperity has been a constant goal of the CCP. Steady efforts have been made since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, with significant feats achieved over the past decade, including overcoming absolute poverty and completing the construction of a moderately prosperous society in all the aspects.

The vision drew significant national and global attention in 2020, with its goals set out in the 14th Five-Year National Economic and Social Development Plan and its long-term goals to 2035. The document called for more tangible progress and stronger by 2035. .

In the world’s largest developing country, unbalanced and insufficient development is still prevalent, and the development and income gaps between urban and rural areas as well as between different regions remain wide, Liu said.

With neat new homes and better access to medical care, education and employment, residents of the ethnic minority border town of Kyipa in southwest China’s Tibet Autonomous Region , have undergone drastic changes over the past decade.

“However, the standard of living is still low compared to more developed parts of China,” said Sonam Dekyi, city leader and congress delegate, who spent his college years in a bustling city in the province of Hunan, in central China. .

“These shortcomings will hinder China’s high-quality development, and that’s why China has put promoting common prosperity on the agenda despite the long-term nature of the goal,” Mr. Liu. “There’s no time to lose.”

EFFORTS IN FULL BEAT

Concerted efforts across the country are gradually realizing the goal of common prosperity by utilizing past knowledge and forging new paths.

As with many of China’s other efforts, the push for common prosperity has its pioneers. In 2021, China issued a guideline to make Zhejiang a demonstration area to essentially achieve common prosperity by 2035.

To narrow the gap between its affluent coastal areas and less affluent mountainous regions, Zhejiang has boosted cooperation between them through a series of twinning schemes.

The province has also put in place tailored policies spanning various communities to expand the middle-income group while increasing the wages of low-income residents.

In Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in northwest China, a charity project has been launched to pool social resources to improve public services such as employment and care for the elderly.

In an innovative attempt to reduce regional environmental gaps, Zhejiang and its neighboring province of Anhui have piloted a water sharing and compensation program, allowing the latter’s river to transfer clean water to water bodies of the first with the aim of improving water quality.

A similar pattern has been practiced in carbon sink trading across the country. In the mountainous province of Guizhou in southwestern China, many villagers can increase their income by planting trees, because the carbon that the trees absorb and store can be sold to individuals, institutions and companies that seek to reduce their carbon footprint.

Lei has a great vision to further increase the income of local villagers. His city is building a large, highly automated foam seedling base that can develop a variety of products to increase dividends for Maoyang and other cities.

“The foam is low-key but tenacious. Likewise, we will remain down-to-earth and enterprising in working towards the goal of common prosperity,” Lei said.

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